He moved to Chicago in 1942 and played semi-professionally at night, while working at various jobs during the day. Having garnered a huge local following, he became a full time bluesman in 1957. However he had only 3 unsuccessful singles released on local labels during the 1960's. His tunes have been borrowed by many other blues artists. His tune, "Hideaway", made Freddie King a star, while Hound Dog never received composer's credit. In the 1970's he attained national and international acclaim through extensive touring and three well-received albums on Alligator Records.
Hound Dog's bottleneck style was characterized by the non-stop energy of boogie and blues, humour, and raunch, played hard and loud. Taylor died on December 17, 1975 of lung cancer.
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